Here is the second part of the article on how to tie a knot, not only for survival but as a basic necessity during emergencies.
1. WATER KNOT
The water knot is used to safely secure flat belts, webbing, and many types of straps together. To do this type of knot, you begin by making a loose overhand knot at the end of one strap. Pass the other strap by going in an opposite direction so that it copies the route of the overhand knot of your first strap. Tighten the knot by taking the end of the two straps.
2. THE ROLLING HITCH
This type of knot acts as an extension of an existing line; it is also the precursor of a basic knot behind the taut-line hitch and can be added to any current line. It is used in hooking more dogs to the mainline of the dog sled.
To do this type of knot, you can wrap the free end of one string so that you create a half hitch. Make another half hitch and wrap the entire knot over and finish it using a half hitch on the other side from where you started.
3. SQUARE LASHING
The square lashing is used in building many things from camp chairs to bridges and towers and even securing two poles together.
To create this knot, make a clove hitch first to one of the poles, near where two poles intersect. Wrap the cable around the junction of these two poles by going under it first then over. Do these wraps about five to six times. Next, wrap the cord between the poles. Let it bite on the wrappings so that you could tighten them. Then create a square knot to tie the free end of the cable to the other open end from the clove hitch that started it all.
4. TRIPOD LASHING
This knot is used as support for camp items like a cooking pot over a fire or for shelters. To do the tripod lashing, you need to collect three poles of identical thickness and length and lay them side-by-side. Tie a clove hitch on one of the end poles wrapping the cable around four to six times.
Wrap the cord between the poles twice between the poles and work your way back to the original hitch created. Finish the lashing by tying the tag end of the line to the tag end of the original knot. When you spread the legs of the tripod, you have created and what you have is now something handy.
The sheepshank looks like a magic trick and a half practical knot. It shortens the line without cutting the line. To do a sheepshank, you need to fold the cord in the length you want. Make a half hitch on one end of the remaining rope and drop it over the adjacent loop. Make a half hitch on the opposite end and drop it over this loop and tauten the whole object slowly.
6. THE BARREL HITCH
This type of knot is used frequently in construction and sailing. If you want to secure a barrel, bucket of other cylindrical things and lift them securely, then choose this knot.
To do this knot, you need to place the barrel or another object at the top of the rope. Do an overhand knot until it wraps around the top side of the cylindrical object. Fasten the ends of the rope together using a square knot and then lift.
7. THE TRUCKER HITCH
This rugged hitch is not only used by truckers but in normal circumstances as well. Its unique characteristic is it can give a mechanical advantage in tightening up the rope. Doing this knot is a little complicated, but it is worth the effort if you need a tighter knot.
To tie the trucker’s hitch, you need to start by tying a figure 8 knot using the rope. Pass the free end of the rope around whatever you are attaching the rope to while passing the line through a loop. Pull the working end to tighten and secure its free end using two half-hitches.
8. CARRICK BEND
This knot is an alternative to a square knot in joining two ropes together securely. It is also easier to untie it compared to a square knot.
To create a Carrick Bend, you need to form a loop with the free end of the string. Pass the open end of the string under the first loop and then do it over and under. String the free end across the ring, letting it pass under itself. Pull both the standing ends of the string to tighten.
9. MAN HARNESS
The man harness knot allows you to put a ring anywhere in the length of the rope when either of them is free to tie a ring.
To make this knot, you have to make a ring so that part of the line can run through the center of the loop. Grip the side of the ring and pull this through the gap between the line in the center and the other side of the circle. You have now a new loop, pull it tight and draw the line to strap the man harness knot. This type of knot can slip without a constant tension on the new loop; you need to put something on the loop to keep it from slipping.
10. THE BLOOD KNOT
This type of knot is used mostly on fishing lines to secure two cords together.
To create this knot, you have to start by wrapping the free end around the other rope about five or six times. You will form an overlap between the two lines. Pass the open end of the cord between the two lines. Wrap the other line in the same manner and insert the free end in between the two lines on the reverse direction of the separate line that is free.
11. THE TIMBER HITCH
The timber hitch is a knot used to secure a rope to an object as a support or for hauling. Creating a timber hitch is easy. You only need to run a cord around the object that you want to pull. Wrap the tag end of the cable around the inside of the ring you have created about four or five times and tighten.
12. PRUSIK KNOT
The Prusik Knot makes a ring that you can use as a descender or ascender, which is handy when you want to add a ring to a rope when neither of them is free.
To make this knot, you will need to make a loop on a shorter rope, securing it with a square knot. Wrap the ring around the long cord about three times, making sure that each wrap is flat against the long rope.
Pass the loop on the short rope under itself and tighten it. As long as there is a weight on the loop, the Prusik will tend to grasp the long rope. Alternatively, you can slide the Prusik Knot up and down the cord if you take the weight off and pushing the wraps along the length of the long rope.